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Geographical situation

Situation of Hungary in Europe

Hungary is situated in the heart of Europe, on the Central and Western part of the Carpathian Basin, between northern latitudes of 45°44' and 48°35' and eastern longitudes of 16°07' and 22°54'. The territory of the country is 93,030 square kilometres, covering about 1 % of Europe. Hungary is bordered by 7 countries, the total length of its borders is 2,216.8 kilometres, i.e.: Slovakia ( 655,1 kms on the North ), Ukraine ( 136,6 kms on the North-East ), Romania ( 448 kms on the East ), Serbia ( 165,8 kms on the South ), Croatia ( 355,3 kms on the South ), Slovenia ( 100 kms on the South-West ) and Austria ( 356 kms on the West ).

Situation of Hungary - in the heart of Europe
Geographical description

Because of its basin caractere, great part of the country has an elevation of fewer than 200 meters. Although Hungary has several moderately high ranges of mountains, those reaching heights of 300 meters or more cover less than 2% of the country. The highest point in the country is Kékes (1,014 meters) in the Mátra mountains, in the Northeast from Budapest. The lowest point is around 78 meters above see level, located in the valley of Tisza river, called Gyálarét, South from Szeged town.

The 2 most important rivers are: the Danube and the Tisza, both are navigable on their whole Hungarian lenght: the Danube on 418 kms, the Tisza on 597 kms.

Hungary has 3 major natural lakes: Balaton, " the Hungarian See ", a very famous tourist destination of Hungary, with its surface of 596 skm is the largest freshwater lake of Central Europe. Other famous recreation areas are: the lake Velence in Fehér county and a part of lake Fert?, next to Austrian border. Lake Tisza was created artificially, this is the paradise of watersport fanatics. We must mention lake Hévíz, the largest thermal lake in the World.

Hungary has three major geographic regions ( which are subdivided to seven smaller ones ): the Great Alföld ( called Puszta ), lying east of the Danube River; the Transdanubia, a hilly region lying west of the Danube and extending to the Austrian foothills of the Alps ; and the Northern Hills, which is a mountainous and hilly country beyond the northern boundary of the Great Hungarian Plain.

Hungary on Europe's topographic mapTopographic map of HungaryForests of HungaryRegions of Hungary
Climate and weather in Hungary

Because of its situation in the Carpathian Basin, on the great part of its territory Hungary has a moderately dry continental climate, with warm or hot summers and cold and humid winters. But there are some oceanic influence in the South-Western borderside, and Mediterranean influence in the South part, in the surroundings of Pecs. Average annual temperature is approx 10 °C. Average temperature in summer is around 25-35 °C, in winter -5-25 °C.

Rainfall varies, but the annual average is approximately 63 cm, more in the West part, and less in the South-East. The territories of Hungarian Great Plain ( Puszta ) are the driest points of the country.

Climate and weather in Hungary
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